Petrochemicals can be defined as a large group of chemicals derived from natural gas and petroleum and further used for a variety of chemical purposes, which are extremely important in modern civilization.<
LAB (LINEAR ALKYL BENZENE)
LAB is precursor of detergents. This product at first reacts with SO3 gas to produce LABSA (Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulphonic Acid), then it is being used as a surfactant agent in detergent production.
HAB (HEAVY ALKYLATE)
Heavy alkylate is a byproduct of LAB and it is being formed during alkylation process. It’s use are is all kinds of industrial oils, such as, transformator oil, hydraulic fluids and lubricating greases.
LABSA (LINEAR ALKYL BENZENE SULPHONIC ACID)
LABSA is produced by the sulphonation reaction of Linear Alkyl Benzene with Sulphur (SO3). LABSA is one of the major active ingredients for the production of soaps and detergents. Importantly, it forms a greater percentage of raw materials for the production of liquid soaps.
VAM (VINYL ACETATE MONOMER)
Vinyl acetate monomer, or VAM, is a colorless monomer which has a strong odor. It is precessor for polyvinyl acetate which is an important polymer in industry. It is an important raw material for many industrial products. It can go into many reactions which are expected for an alkene and ester.
MEG (MONO ETHYLENE GLYCOL)
Mono-ethylene glycol – or MEG – is a vital ingredient for the production of polyester fibres and film, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins and engine coolants.
End uses for MEG range from clothing and other textiles, through packaging to kitchenware, engine coolants and antifreeze.
DEG (DI ETHYLENE GLYCOL)
Diethylene glycol (DEG) is an organic compound. It is a colorless, practically odorless and poisonous liquid. It is commonly used in the commercial preparation of antifreeze, brake fluid, cigarettes, and some dyes. It is an excellent solvent for many relatively insoluble substances.
TEG (TRI ETHYLENE GLYCOL)
Triethylene glycol is a chemical compound that is categorized as an alcohol. At room temperature it is a liquid. It is clear, has a mild odor and is not extremely viscous. Triethylene glycol is soluble in water.
Diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA) are key examples of ethanolamines alongside monoethanolamine (MEA)—a chemical group comprised of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) and alcohols. They are used in a wide range of applications including cosmetics and personal care products
MTBE (METHYL TERTIARY BUTYL ETHER)
Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether is an organic compound and it is the family of saturated aliphatic ether. It acts as octane enhancer of gasoline and has the advantage of more complete combustion of fuel and as a result, a significant reduction in exhaust emissions of cars. In some cases, as solver of gallstone was used for medical purposes.
PBR (POLY BUTADIENE RUBBER)
Polybutadiene rubber (BR, PBD) is one of the cheapest and largest-volume synthetic general-purpose elastomers which is sometimes used as a substitute for natural rubber (NR). The major use of cis polybutadiene rubber is in tires. It goes into side walls and treads.
SBR (STYRENE BUTADIENE RUBBER)
Styrene-butadiene or styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) describe families of synthetic rubbers derived from styrene and butadiene. About 50% of car tires are made from various types of SBR.
Acetic acid is the second simplest carboxylic acid (after formic acid). It is an important chemical reagent and industrial chemical, used primarily in the production of cellulose acetate for photographic film, polyvinyl acetate for wood glue, and synthetic fibres and fabrics.